Solo Parent Leave: Eligibility, Requirements, Law

The Solo Parent Leave law was passed for the sanity of those who are lone parenting their children.

What is the Solo Parents Act in the Philippines?


Solo Parent Leave is to have more time with their child and give proper guidance.
Solo Parent Leave is enacted to end the dire plight of raising children alone.


The Solo Parents Act of 2000 RA 8972 and the Expanded Solo Parents Act of 2022 RA 11861 help support solo parents by giving them benefits such as leave, cash subsidies, priority and support from other government units.

As Philippine Labor Lawyers, we will be discussing the Solo Parents act in the workplace which is Solo Parents Leave.

Let’s begin.

Who is considered a Solo Parent in the Philippines?


Solo Parent Leave can be grant to anyone who guides the child not just only for the biological parents.
This includes grandparents, guardians, and other family members who take full responsibility for the care of the child.


The following are considered Solo Parents:

  • A woman who gives birth due to rape or other crimes against chastity provided that she keeps the child
  • Parents with the responsibility of parenthood due to the other spouse’s death, physical/mental incapacity or having at least a 1-year criminal sentence.
  • Parent separated from spouse for at least a year who is responsible for the children;
  • Annulled parent with custody of the children
  • Unmarried parent with custody of the child
  • A person who solely cares for a child or children;
  • A family member who cares for the children due to the death, abandonment, disappearance or prolonged absence of the parents or a solo parent

The Expanded Solo Parents Act also considers a Solo Parent someone:

  • Whose spouse is an OFW in a low-skilled area and has been away for an unbroken period of at least 1 year.
  • Who has been abandoned by a spouse for 6 months.

How to avail of Solo Parent Leave


Application for  Solo Parent Leave ID is to enjoy the perks of being a qualified one.
Make sure that you are not a beneficiary of any other government cash assistance program.


As a result of the Solo Parent Law RA 8972 and RA 11861, Philippine Labor Standards now include a 7-day paid leave benefit.

The specific requirements vary from company to company, but they generally include the following:

  • Solo Parent ID with the requirement that it is either current or within the last 2 years
  • Service of 1 year, IRR of RA 8972
  • Notified the company in sufficient time perhaps by filing a Solo Parent Leave form

Solo Parent Leave is administered by the companies and that is why the requirements may slightly differ in detail.

To be sure, check with your company HR and read through the company policy to see what the exact process is in your workplace.

What should a Solo Parent Leave Policy contain?


Solo Parent Leave is granted by the employer included in employment agreement
Unmarried solo parents shouldn’t be deprived of the rights, privileges and benefits they enjoy in raising their children.


A valid Solo Parents’ leave policy should contain the

When do the benefits end?


Solo Parent Leave benefits ends when the child reach the right age and can live independently.
Marriage and adoption of a child can terminate your benefit as a Solo Parent.


The benefit ends when you are no longer a solo parent or when your child is more than 18.

You are no longer a solo parent when you no longer have the responsibility for the children.

How many days is Solo Parent Leave in the Philippines?


Plan your Solo Parent Leave a week before to notify employer.
Single parents are entitled to flexible working hours. Coordinate with your employer to ensure core working hours are not affected.


Solo Parent Leave in the Philippines is 7 days.

How much is the Solo Parent Leave Benefit?   


Solo Parent Leave is also a financial support for single parents.
Any kind of help makes a lot of difference for all the solo parents.


Solo Parent Leave is your full pay as based on basic salary and mandatory allowances by the Regional Wage Board.

It should not be lower than Minimum Wage.

Can you apply for Solo Parent Leave for older children?


Solo Parent Leave is granted for those parents who are raising children below 18 years old.
Single parents with an annual income of less than P250,000 are entitled to a 10% reduction and tax exemption on children’s essentials and other medical supplements from birth until the child reaches the age of six.


No, Solo Parent Leave is available only for parents whose children are 18 years old and dependent on the parent for support. (Sec 3b Solo Parents Act)

It is only available for children who are older than 18 if the child has a mental or physical disability (for which proof such as a medical certificate may have to be given.)

Can I use Solo Parent Leave on a staggered basis?


Solo Parent Leave is to satisfy and motivate single parents to raise their child in a good environment and lifestyle.
Those who are lone parenting are also automatically covered under the National Health Insurance program administered by PhilHealth.


Yes, you can use Solo Parent leave throughout the year as needed.

There may be some notification requirements if you decide to use a long period of leave at your company, so be sure to check with your HR.

Is Solo Parent Leave convertible to cash?


Solo Parent Leave is not convertible to cash.
The law prohibits and punishes employers who refuse to provide benefits conferred by law.


No, Solo Parent Leave is not convertible to cash.

If the Solo Parent Leave is not used within the year, then this cannot be paid out to you.

It is really for the execution of parental duties when physical presence is needed.

Is Solo Parent Leave cumulative?


Solo Parent Leave is not cumulative so better to use before it replenish.
Individuals who misrepresent their identities, falsify documents, or persuade others to obtain or deny legally mandated benefits.


Solo Parent Leave is not cumulative as per the Solo Parent Implementing Rules and Regulations.

This means if there are unused leaves at the end of a year, this cannot be carried over to the next year.


  • Anonymous

    wala po akong record sa munisipyo namin ano gagawin ko kase kailangan ko po sa collage lalo na ngayon graduating nako ng senior high

  • Aaron

    Kuhaan kupo Ng no record Yung anak ko po

  • Jobelle B. Panuncio

    Psa no record

    • For old records, check the above article to see where you can look for the record. For new records, check at the LCR to see where it is in the processing.

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